Farmers for federalism

In Quint BloombergYamini Aiyer argues that Modi’s failure to adopt agricultural reforms argues for greater consensus with states on a comprehensive national policy.

More needs to be done to invest in institutions that allow better center-state coordination. Our frameworks for economic policy-making must recognize that long-term, sustainable reform cannot be achieved by undermining federalism. Rather, federal institutions must be strengthened.

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An impossible foundation

Is India’s constitution a promissory note? Or was it, to use a famous Mahatma commentary on another British constitutional foundation effort in India, a post-dated check drawn on a failing bank?

In the Global intellectual history newspaper, historian Faisal Devji argued that the Constituent Assembly of India had in fact strengthened caste and community domination in newly independent India. The one-party status of Congress in the aftermath of partition meant the party was able to deploy a sectarian and upper caste majority in the Constituent Assembly to dismantle long-standing, however unwanted, constitutional privileges of a religious minority. facing severe discrimination.

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Beyond the debate on city vs suburb transport

In the United States, the transportation debate as it usually unfolds today amounts to a struggle between cars and mass transit. Like so many other things in American life, says Addison Del Mastro in New Atlantis, this fight often seems to be just another front in the culture war.

On the one hand, there are those who cling to the dream of the Eisenhower era, of being able to take just one convenient trip from one point to another, which means more and more roads and bigger highways need to be built. On the other side are rail, spoke and shoe enthusiasts, who lament that cars emit carbon, highways and parking lots disrupt pedestrianized urban centers, and the high costs of owning a car. create another barrier for low-income people to live normal lives

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A brief scientific history of glass

Today, glass is an everyday object on the kitchen shelves. But, explains Carolyn Wilke in The Smithsonian, at the beginning of its history, glass was a thing intended for kings.

In a world filled with buff, brown, and sand hues of more utilitarian Late Bronze Age materials, glass – saturated with blue, purple, turquoise, yellow, red, and white – would have offered the most striking colors other than precious stones. In a hierarchy of materials, glass would have sat slightly below silver and gold and would have been valued as much as gemstones.

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Shoaib Daniyal writes on politics for Scroll.in.