Use our guide to learn more about investing and compare stocks and ISA stocks. Investments can be a great way to monetize your savings, but it’s important to understand how they work. The risk involved could also mean that you could lose.

What are the investments?

Investments are a way to make your money work harder than cash. They describe many different products or assets that you can use to outperform money.

Before you start investing, it’s a good idea to have saved up to three to six months of bills and household expenses in an easy-to-access or instant cash savings account. You should be able to access this money without notice, in the event of a domestic or financial emergency.

Once your bills are covered, consider reducing or paying off your debts. The interest rate on credit cards and loans can be much higher than the return you would get on cash or other low risk investments.

When you feel that your financial situation is under control, you can start to think about investing for the future. The money you invest should be medium to long term money, not money you might need to get your hands on quickly.

As with any regular savings account, an investment is simply an alternative way to get a return on your money.

However, there is an element of risk in investing – while you might end up getting a much larger return on your money than with tax-free wrapping on your savings account, you might not earn any interest or money. even get your initial investment back.

The main types of investment

There are many different types of investments. At the most basic level, you can invest in four asset classes:

Stocks and shares

When you buy a stake or “share” of a company, the value of your investment increases or decreases as the value of the company increases or decreases.

The value of a business depends on many different factors: the evolution of its sales, the performance of the economy, whether competitors offer a better product, and whether taxes and regulations are likely to affect its businesses. profits.

When you own stocks, you can also receive a dividend on company profits, depending on the company you invest in, or capital growth, when you sell your stocks for more than you paid. for them – find out more about the actions.

Bonds and gilts

With a bond, the money you invest is given as a loan to a business or the government. As a lender, you receive interest on the loan amount, and as such, bonds are more suitable if you need regular income, rather than long term. capital growth.

Bonds in which money is loaned to the government – known as gilts – are considered to be more secure and therefore generally pay a lower interest rate – learn more about bonds and gilts.

Bonds are considered less risky than stocks, because if a company were to find itself in financial difficulty, it would be the bondholders who would be paid before the shareholders. However, bond investments are not as risky as cash, as there is always the risk that the company will not repay its obligation. In cash, as long as your money is in a bank or building society, which is part of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS), your deposit will be protected up to £ 85,000 if the provider goes bankrupt.

If a company goes bankrupt and cannot pay its bondholders, they lose. It’s the risk you take with corporate or corporate bonds, versus cash deposits.

The government issues bonds when it needs to borrow money, and these are known as UK government gilts. Golden investments are considered very safe because they are backed by the government and will always be reimbursed.


With a real estate investment, you receive regular income in the form of rent from a tenant, as well as long-term capital growth if the property’s value increases – learn more about real estate investment.

Property can be a great investment if you buy in the right place at the right time. But you have to take into account that property is more expensive to buy and sell than stocks, stocks or bonds. And you will have to pay taxes on any increase in its value if the property you are selling is not your primary residence.

You should also keep in mind that a rental or vacation rental will need to be serviced and that you will need to pay a council tax and possibly a management fee to a rental agent.

There may be times when the property is empty (empty) but all of your fees, including a mortgage, will still need to be paid.

How to choose the right investment?

The right investment is one that will help you reach your financial goals and one that doesn’t put your money at greater risk than you feel comfortable with. If you can’t afford to lose some of your initial investment (your capital), then cash or gilts are your best option.

If you can afford to tie up your money for a while and are willing to take a little risk, you can go with bonds and bond funds. If you are looking for a better return on your money and want your investments to be protected against inflation, you may want to consider stocks and stocks.

However, these carry more risk to your capital and you need to be prepared to weather the ups and downs, and for this reason they are really only suitable for a medium to long term investment plan.

How do I know which investments are right for me and where should I invest my money?

Start by thinking about what you want to achieve with your investments. If you’re saving for a vacation or a deposit for a home, you don’t want to take too much risk with your capital, so cash is your best option.

If you’re saving for retirement, you can afford to be a little more adventurous and consider stocks, stocks, or property. Remember to regularly review your progress to make sure you are on track to achieve your goals. You can use the services of an independent financial advisor if you feel that a holistic review of your finances would help you decide where to put your money.

How can I make money by investing?

One of the best ways to make money when you invest is to add to your investment at regular intervals. Rather than trying to synchronize the market, you could buy shares of an investment fund each month. Over time, this helps smooth out the ups and downs in the stock market.

If you are investing in real estate, you should study your area and market very carefully before making a purchase. Talk to people who understand real estate investing. Be clear about what you are trying to accomplish and who you are going to hire.

Renting real estate can be a reliable source of regular income, but you need to factor in rental costs, maintenance, damage to property by tenants, insurance costs, and other day-to-day expenses.

What are tax envelopes?

Tax envelopes are another name for products that you can use for medium to long term savings where your money can grow tax free. Individual savings accounts (ISAs) and pensions are good examples of tax-free envelopes for your money.

What is an individual savings account?

An Individual Savings Account allows any adult in the UK to invest up to £ 20,000 in any fiscal year (April 6 to April 5 of the following year).

There are different types of ISAs, including Lifetime ISAs, Cash ISAs, and ISAs for stocks and stocks. They are a good home for money in the long run because interest and principal increase tax-free in an ISA, and you don’t have to report the details on your tax return.

What is the best cash investment?

Previously, ISAs Cash offered the highest interest savings account, but now there is little difference in interest rates between ISAs and Best Buy Instant Access accounts. The difference is that your money is protected from tax in an ISA, but since most people have a personal savings allowance of £ 1,000 each year, that’s not much of a problem.

Are premium bonds a safe investment?

NS&I Premium Bonds, also known as National Savings Premium Bonds, Investment or Savings Bonds, Premium Savings Bonds, or just National Savings Bonds, is a program government savings.

They encourage people to save by giving them the chance to win a prize while lending their money to the government. The winning premium bonds are revealed each month when all the bonds issued enter a draw.

The National Premium Savings Bonds are not strictly an investment or a savings plan. This is because National Savings and Investments Premium Bonds are government bonds that pay no interest. Instead, there is a chance to win a prize.

They are very popular because there is no risk to your capital and the possibility of winning big. However, you might not earn anything at all, which would mean that they gave a worse return than a low interest easy access account.